Deconvolution.jl

A Julia package for deconvolution of digital signals
Author JuliaDSP
Popularity
25 Stars
Updated Last
4 Months Ago
Started In
August 2016

Deconvolution.jl

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Introduction

This package provides a set of functions to deconvolve digital signals, like images or time series. This is written in Julia, a modern high-level, high-performance dynamic programming language designed for technical computing.

Installation

The latest version of Deconvolution.jl is available for Julia 1.0 and later versions, and can be installed with Julia built-in package manager. In a Julia session, after entering the package manager mode with ], run the command

pkg> add Deconvolution

Older versions are also available for Julia 0.4-0.7.

Documentation

The complete manual of Deconvolution.jl is available at the documentation page. It has more detailed explanation of the methods used and the examples are complemented with pictures.

Usage

Currently Deconvolution.jl provides only two methods, but others will come in the future.

wiener

wiener(input, signal, noise[, blurring])

The Wiener deconvolution attempts at reducing the noise in a digital signal by suppressing frequencies with low signal-to-noise ratio. The signal is assumed to be degraded by additive noise and a shift-invariant blurring function.

The wiener function can be used to apply the Wiener deconvolution method to a digital signal. The arguments are:

  • input: the digital signal
  • signal: the original signal (or a signal with a luckily similar power spectrum)
  • noise: the noise of the signal (or a noise with a luckily similar power spectrum)
  • blurring (optional argument): the blurring kernel

All arguments must be arrays, all with the same size, and all of them in the time/space domain (they will be converted to the frequency domain internally using fft function). Argument noise can be also a real number, in which case a constant noise with that value will be assumed (this is a good approximation in the case of white noise).

lucy

lucy(observed, psf[, iterations])

The Richardson-Lucy deconvolution is an iterative method based on Bayesian inference for restoration of signal that is convolved with a point spread function.

The lucy function can be used to apply the Richardson-Lucy deconvolution method to a digital signal. The arguments are:

  • observed: the observed blurred signal
  • psf: the point spread function (the blurring kernel)
  • iterations (optional argument): the number of iterations

First two arguments must be arrays, all with the same size, and all of them in the time/space domain (they will be converted to the frequency domain internally using fft function). Argument iterations is an integer number. The more iterations is specified the better result should be if the solution converges and it is going to converge if PSF is estimated well.

Examples

Wiener deconvolution

Here is an example of use of wiener function to perform the Wiener deconvolution of an image, degraded with a blurring function and an additive noise.

using Images, TestImages, Deconvolution, FFTW, ImageView

# Open the test image
img = channelview(testimage("cameraman"))
# Create the blurring kernel in frequency domain
x = hcat(ntuple(x -> collect((1:512) .- 257), 512)...)
k = 0.001
blurring_ft = @. exp(-k*(x ^ 2 + x ^ 2)^(5//6))
# Create additive noise
noise = rand(Float64, size(img))
# Fourier transform of the blurred image, with additive noise
blurred_img_ft = fftshift(blurring_ft) .* fft(img) .+ fft(noise)
# Get the blurred image from its Fourier transform
blurred_img = real(ifft(blurred_img_ft))
# Get the blurring kernel in the space domain
blurring = ifft(fftshift(blurring_ft))
# Polish the image with Deconvolution deconvolution
polished = wiener(blurred_img, img, noise, blurring)

# Wiener deconvolution works also when you don't have the real image and noise,
# that is the most common and useful case.  This happens because the Wiener
# filter only cares about the power spectrum of the signal and the noise, so you
# don't need to have the exact signal and noise but something with a similar
# power spectrum.
img2 = channelview(testimage("livingroom")) # Load another image
noise2 = rand(Float64, size(img)) # Create another additive noise
# Polish the image with Deconvolution deconvolution
polished2 = wiener(blurred_img, img2, noise2, blurring)

# # Compare...
# imshow(img) # ...the original image
# imshow(blurred_img) # ...the blurred image
# imshow(polished) # ...the polished image
# imshow(polished2) # ...the second polished image

Richardson-Lucy deconvolution

Here is an example of use of lucy function to perform the Richardson-Lucy deconvolution of an image blurred by kernel that models spherical lens aberration.

using Images, TestImages, Deconvolution, FFTW, ZernikePolynomials, ImageView

img = channelview(testimage("cameraman"))

# model of lens aberration
blurring = evaluateZernike(LinRange(-16,16,512), [12, 4, 0], [1.0, -1.0, 2.0], index=:OSA)
blurring = fftshift(blurring)
blurring = blurring ./ sum(blurring)

blurred_img = fft(img) .* fft(blurring) |> ifft |> real

@time restored_img = lucy(blurred_img, blurring, iterations=1000)

imshow(img)
imshow(blurring)
imshow(blurred_img)
imshow(restored_img)

Development

The package is developed at https://github.com/JuliaDSP/Deconvolution.jl. There you can submit bug reports, propose new deconvolution methods with pull requests, and make suggestions. If you would like to take over maintainership of the package in order to further improve it, please open an issue.

History

The ChangeLog of the package is available in NEWS.md file in top directory.

License

The Deconvolution.jl package is licensed under the MIT "Expat" License. The original author is Mosè Giordano.

Used By Packages

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