GellMannMatrices.jl

Generalized Gell-Mann bases for Hermitian matrices
Author thchr
Popularity
2 Stars
Updated Last
1 Year Ago
Started In
February 2022

GellMannMatrices

A Julia package to compute the generalized Gell-Mann matrices in d dimensions.

The generalized Gell-Mann matrices provide a traceless basis for the space of Hermitian matrices, with elements that are orthogonal under the Frobenius inner product.

Notable special cases include the Pauli matrices σᵢ (d = 2) and the standard Gell-Mann matrices Λᵢ (d = 3).

Usage

GellMannMatrices.jl exports a single function gellmann(d) which returns the d^2 - 1 generalized Gell-Mann matrices in d dimensions. The signature gellmann(T, d) allows specifying the matrix type T (which must be a mutable AbstractMatrix with complex element type).

As examples, we can compute the Pauli matrices and the standard Gell-Mann matrices:

julia> gellmann(2) # Pauli matrices
[0.0 + 0.0im 1.0 + 0.0im; 1.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im]
[0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 - 1.0im; 0.0 + 1.0im 0.0 + 0.0im]
[1.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im; 0.0 + 0.0im -1.0 + 0.0im]

julia> gellmann(3) # Standard Gell-Mann matrices
[0.0 + 0.0im 1.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im; 1.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im; 0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im]
[0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 - 1.0im 0.0 + 0.0im; 0.0 + 1.0im 0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im; 0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im 0.0 + 0.0im]
[...]

A keyword argument skip_identity (default, true) can be toggled to false to include the identity matrix.