Octo.jl

Octo.jl ๐Ÿ™ is an SQL Query DSL in Julia
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94 Stars
Updated Last
1 Year Ago
Started In
December 2017

Octo.jl

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Octo.jl is an SQL Query DSL in Julia. It also comes with a very useful tool called Repo. You could Repo.get, Repo.insert! Repo.update! Repo.delete! for many database drivers without hand-written SQL.

It's influenced by Ecto.

SQL Query DSL

julia> using Octo.Adapters.SQL

julia> struct User
       end

julia> Schema.model(User, table_name="users")
| primary_key   | table_name   |
| ------------- | ------------ |
| id            | users        |

julia> u = from(User)
FromItem users

julia> [SELECT * FROM u]
SELECT * FROM users

julia> [SELECT (u.name, u.salary) FROM u]
SELECT name, salary FROM users

julia> [SELECT * FROM u WHERE u.id == 2]
SELECT * FROM users WHERE id = 2

julia> to_sql([SELECT * FROM u WHERE u.id == 2])
"SELECT * FROM users WHERE id = 2"

structured.svg

Repo

Current supported database drivers:

julia> using Octo.Adapters.PostgreSQL

julia> Repo.debug_sql()
LogLevelDebugSQL::RepoLogLevel = -1

julia> Repo.connect(
           adapter = Octo.Adapters.PostgreSQL,
           dbname = "postgresqltest",
           user = "postgres",
       )
Octo.Repo.Connection(false, "postgresqltest", Main.PostgreSQLLoader, PostgreSQL connection (CONNECTION_OK) with parameters:
  user = postgres
  passfile = /Users/wookyoung/.pgpass
  dbname = postgresqltest
  port = 5432
  client_encoding = UTF8
  options = -c DateStyle=ISO,YMD -c IntervalStyle=iso_8601 -c TimeZone=UTC
  application_name = LibPQ.jl
  sslmode = prefer
  sslcompression = 0
  gssencmode = disable
  target_session_attrs = any)

julia> struct Employee
       end

julia> Schema.model(Employee, table_name="Employee", primary_key="ID")
| primary_key   | table_name   |
| ------------- | ------------ |
| ID            | Employee     |

julia> Repo.execute([DROP TABLE IF EXISTS Employee])
[ Info: DROP TABLE IF EXISTS Employee

julia> Repo.execute(Raw("""
           CREATE TABLE Employee (
               ID SERIAL,
               Name VARCHAR(255),
               Salary FLOAT(8),
               PRIMARY KEY (ID)
           )"""))
โ”Œ Info: CREATE TABLE Employee (
โ”‚     ID SERIAL,
โ”‚     Name VARCHAR(255),
โ”‚     Salary FLOAT(8),
โ”‚     PRIMARY KEY (ID)
โ”” )

julia> Repo.insert!(Employee, [
           (Name="Jeremy",  Salary=10000.50),
           (Name="Cloris",  Salary=20000.50),
           (Name="John",    Salary=30000.50),
           (Name="Hyunden", Salary=40000.50),
           (Name="Justin",  Salary=50000.50),
           (Name="Tom",     Salary=60000.50),
       ])
[ Info: INSERT INTO Employee (Name, Salary) VALUES ($1, $2) RETURNING ID    (Name = "Jeremy", Salary = 10000.5), (Name = "Cloris", Salary = 20000.5), (Name = "John", Salary = 30000.5), (Name = "Hyunden", Salary = 40000.5), (Name = "Justin", Salary = 50000.5), (Name = "Tom", Salary = 60000.5)
|   id |   num_affected_rows |
| ---- | ------------------- |
|    6 |                   6 |

julia> Repo.get(Employee, 2)
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE ID = 2
|   id | name     |    salary |
| ---- | -------- | --------- |
|    2 | Cloris   |   20000.5 |
1 row.

julia> Repo.get(Employee, 2:5)
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE ID BETWEEN 2 AND 5
|   id | name      |    salary |
| ---- | --------- | --------- |
|    2 | Cloris    |   20000.5 |
|    3 | John      |   30000.5 |
|    4 | Hyunden   |   40000.5 |
|    5 | Justin    |   50000.5 |
4 rows.

julia> Repo.get(Employee, (Name="Jeremy",))
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Name = 'Jeremy'
|   id | name     |    salary |
| ---- | -------- | --------- |
|    1 | Jeremy   |   10000.5 |
1 row.

julia> Repo.query(Employee)
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee
|   id | name      |    salary |
| ---- | --------- | --------- |
|    1 | Jeremy    |   10000.5 |
|    2 | Cloris    |   20000.5 |
|    3 | John      |   30000.5 |
|    4 | Hyunden   |   40000.5 |
|    5 | Justin    |   50000.5 |
|    6 | Tom       |   60000.5 |
6 rows.

julia> Repo.insert!(Employee, (Name="Jessica", Salary=70000.50))
[ Info: INSERT INTO Employee (Name, Salary) VALUES ($1, $2) RETURNING ID    (Name = "Jessica", Salary = 70000.5)
|   id |   num_affected_rows |
| ---- | ------------------- |
|    7 |                   1 |

julia> Repo.update!(Employee, (ID=2, Salary=85000))
[ Info: UPDATE Employee SET Salary = $1 WHERE ID = 2    85000
|   num_affected_rows |
| ------------------- |
|                   1 |

julia> Repo.delete!(Employee, (ID=3,))
[ Info: DELETE FROM Employee WHERE ID = 3
|   num_affected_rows |
| ------------------- |
|                   1 |

julia> Repo.delete!(Employee, 3:5)
[ Info: DELETE FROM Employee WHERE ID BETWEEN 3 AND 5
|   num_affected_rows |
| ------------------- |
|                   2 |

julia> em = from(Employee)
FromItem Employee

julia> Repo.query(em)
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee
|   id | name      |    salary |
| ---- | --------- | --------- |
|    1 | Jeremy    |   10000.5 |
|    6 | Tom       |   60000.5 |
|    7 | Jessica   |   70000.5 |
|    2 | Cloris    |   85000.0 |
4 rows.

julia> Repo.query([SELECT * FROM em WHERE em.Name == "Cloris"])
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Name = 'Cloris'
|   id | name     |    salary |
| ---- | -------- | --------- |
|    2 | Cloris   |   85000.0 |
1 row.

julia> Repo.query(em, (Name="Cloris",))
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Name = 'Cloris'
|   id | name     |    salary |
| ---- | -------- | --------- |
|    2 | Cloris   |   85000.0 |
1 row.

julia> โ“ = Octo.PlaceHolder
PlaceHolder

julia> Repo.query([SELECT * FROM em WHERE em.Name == โ“], ["Cloris"])
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Name = $1    "Cloris"
|   id | name     |    salary |
| ---- | -------- | --------- |
|    2 | Cloris   |   85000.0 |
1 row.

Subqueries

julia> sub = from([SELECT * FROM em WHERE em.Salary > 30000], :sub)
SubQuery (SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Salary > 30000) AS sub

julia> Repo.query(sub)
[ Info: SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Salary > 30000
|   id | name      |    salary |
| ---- | --------- | --------- |
|    6 | Tom       |   60000.5 |
|    7 | Jessica   |   70000.5 |
|    2 | Cloris    |   85000.0 |
3 rows.

julia> Repo.query([SELECT sub.Name FROM sub])
[ Info: SELECT sub.Name FROM (SELECT * FROM Employee WHERE Salary > 30000) AS sub
| name      |
| --------- |
| Tom       |
| Jessica   |
| Cloris    |
3 rows.

Colored SQL statements

colored_sql_statements.png

Requirements

You need Julia.

julia> type ] key

(v1.0) pkg> add Octo
(v1.0) pkg> add LibPQ   # for PostgreSQL (depends on LibPQ.jl 1.4, 1.6)
(v1.0) pkg> add SQLite  # for SQLite     (depends on SQLite.jl 1.1)
(v1.0) pkg> add MySQL   # for MySQL      (depends on MySQL.jl 1.0, 1.1)