PriorityChannels.jl

Provides a Channel where elements are associated with a priority. take! returns highest priority item.
Author baggepinnen
Popularity
1 Star
Updated Last
2 Years Ago
Started In
December 2018

PriorityChannels

Build Status

This package provides the type PriorityChannel (the only exported name) that mimics Base.Channel, but where each element is associated with a priority. take! always returns the highest priority element. Internally, a heap is used to keep track of priorities. Example usage:

using PriorityChannels, Test
c  = Channel(50)
pc = PriorityChannel(50)
for i = 1:50
    e = rand(1:500)
    put!(c,e)
    put!(pc,e,e) # Assign same priority as element for testing purposes
end
elems = [take!(c) for i = 1:50]
pelems = [take!(pc) for i = 1:50]
@test !issorted(elems) # A regular Channel does not return ordered elements
@test issorted(pelems) # A PriorityChannel returns elements in priority order

Difference between Channel and PriorityChannel

  • put!(pc, element, priority::Real) lower number indicates a higher priority (default = 0).
  • PriorityChannel can not be unbuffered (of length 0) and must have a positive length.
  • take!(pc) returns the highest priority item, PriorityChannel thus acts like a priority queue instead of a FIFO queue like Channel does
  • Pretty much all other functionality should be the same, including all constructors.

Performance

To get maximum performance, initialize a concretely typed PriorityChannel. The constructor PriorityChannel(N) creates a channel of length N that holds type Any and have integer priorities. These types can be specified with the constructor PriorityChannel{ElemType,PrioType}(N), e.g., PriorityChannel{Int,Int}(N). There is a rather striking difference in performance between these two:

using PriorityChannels
N = 1_000_000
r = rand(1:1000, N);
const c1 = PriorityChannel(N)
const c2 = PriorityChannel{Int,Int}(N)

@time map(ri->put!(c1,ri,ri), r);
@time map(ri->put!(c2,ri,ri), r);

@time map(i->take!(c1), 1:N);
@time map(i->take!(c2), 1:N);

# Output after pre-compilation
julia> @time map(ri->put!(c1,ri,ri), r);
  0.663640 seconds (4.33 M allocations: 150.086 MiB, 55.92% gc time)

julia> @time map(ri->put!(c2,ri,ri), r);
  0.103298 seconds (60.23 k allocations: 12.643 MiB)

julia> @time map(i->take!(c1), 1:N);
  3.282501 seconds (20.02 M allocations: 612.583 MiB, 27.25% gc time)

julia> @time map(i->take!(c2), 1:N);
  0.313285 seconds (63.44 k allocations: 10.791 MiB, 4.67% gc time)

Used By Packages

No packages found.