SCIP.jl

Julia interface to SCIP solver
Author scipopt
Popularity
48 Stars
Updated Last
1 Year Ago
Started In
June 2016

SCIP.jl

Julia interface to SCIP solver.

Build Status codecov

See NEWS.md for changes in each (recent) release.

Update (August 2020)

On MacOS and Linux, it is no longer required to install the SCIP binaries using this package. There now exists a BinaryBuilder.jl generated package SCIP_jll.jl which is installed automatically as a dependency.

On Windows, the separate installation of SCIP is still mandatory.

Under Julia 1.3 or more recent, you can use this default installation:

pkg> add SCIP

If you use an older Julia version, Windows or want a custom SCIP installation, see below for the build steps.

Custom SCIP installations.

If you prefer to link to your own installation of SCIP, please set the environment variable SCIPOPTDIR to point to the installation path. That is, either $SCIPOPTDIR/lib/libscip.so, $SCIPOPTDIR/lib/libscip.dylib or $SCIPOPTDIR/bin/scip.dll should exist, depending on your operating system.

When this is set before you install this package, it should be recognized automatically. Afterwards, you can trigger the build with

pkg> build SCIP

This step is also required if your Julia version is older than 1.3.

Setting Parameters

There are two ways of setting the parameters (all are supported). First, using MOI.set:

using MOI
using SCIP

optimizer = SCIP.Optimizer()
MOI.set(optimizer, SCIP.Param("display/verblevel"), 0)
MOI.set(optimizer, SCIP.Param("limits/gap"), 0.05)

Second, as keyword arguments to the constructor. But here, the slashes (/) need to be replaced by underscores (_) in order to end up with a valid Julia identifier. This should not lead to ambiguities as none of the official SCIP parameters contain any underscores (yet).

using MOI
using SCIP

optimizer = SCIP.Optimizer(display_verblevel=0, limits_gap=0.05)

Note that in both cases, the correct value type must be used (here, Int64 and Float64).

Design Considerations

Wrapper of Public API: All of SCIP's public API methods are wrapped and available within the SCIP package. This includes the scip_*.h and pub_*.h headers that are collected in scip.h, as well as all default constraint handlers (cons_*.h.) But the wrapped functions do not transform any data structures and work on the raw pointers (e.g. SCIP* in C, Ptr{SCIP_} in Julia). Convenience wrapper functions based on Julia types are added as needed.

Memory Management: Programming with SCIP requires dealing with variable and constraints objects that use reference counting for memory management. SCIP.jl provides a wrapper type ManagedSCIP that collects lists of SCIP_VAR* and SCIP_CONS* under the hood, and releases all reference when it is garbage collected itself (via finalize). When adding a variable (add_variable) or a constraint (add_linear_constraint), an integer index is returned. This index can be used to retrieve the SCIP_VAR* or SCIP_CONS* pointer via get_var and get_cons respectively.

ManagedSCIP does not currently support deletion of variables or constraints.

Supported Features for MathOptInterface: We aim at exposing many of SCIP's features through MathOptInterface. However, the focus is on keeping the wrapper simple and avoiding duplicate storage of model data.

As a consequence, we do not currently support some features such as retrieving constraints by name (SingleVariable-set constraints are not stored as SCIP constraints explicitly).

Support for more constraint types (quadratic/SOC, SOS1/2, nonlinear expression) is implemented, but SCIP itself only supports affine objective functions, so we will stick with that. More general objective functions could be implented via a bridge.

Supported operators in nonlinear expressions are as follows:

  • unary: -, sqrt, exp, log, abs
  • binary: -, /, ^, min, max
  • n-ary: +, *

In particular, trigonometric functions are not supported.

Old Interface Implementation

A previous implementation of SCIP.jl supported JuMP (up to version 0.18) through MathProgBase. It did not interface SCIP directly, but went through CSIP, a simplified C wrapper.

Back then, the interface support MINLP problems as well as solver-indepentent callbacks for lazy constraints and heuristics.

To use that version, you need to pin the version of SCIP.jl to v0.6.1 (the last release before the rewrite):

pkg> add SCIP@v0.6.1
pkg> pin SCIP

Used By Packages

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