This package provides approximations to the Boussinesq equation of state for seawater expressed as polynomial functions of conservative temperature, absolute salinity, and geopotential height.
Computationally efficient polynomial approximations to the Boussinesq seawater equation of state are crucial components of ocean modeling software.
The Seawater Boussinesq approximation
In the seawater Boussinesq approximation, the density of seawater is expanded around a constant reference value
ρ = ρᵣ + ρ′(Θ, Sᴬ, Z)
where the anomaly,
ρ′, is a function of conservative temperature
Θ, absolute salinity
Sᴬ, and geopotential height
One choice for
ρᵣ is the average density at the surface of the world ocean,
ρᵣ = 1024.6 kg m⁻³, according to Roquet et al. (2015).
The TEOS-10 standard
The Thermodynamic Equation of SeaWater (TEOS-10) is a Gibbs function formulation of seawater themodynamics.
The error between the polynomials implemented in this package and the TEOS-10 is minimized for current 'climatological' ocean distributions of conservative temperature and absolute salinity. For more information, see