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August 2014


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eXtreme Gradient Boosting in Julia


This package is a Julia interface of XGBoost. It is an efficient and scalable implementation of distributed gradient boosting framework. The package includes efficient linear model solver and tree learning algorithms. The library is parallelized using OpenMP, and it can be more than 10 times faster than some existing gradient boosting packages. It supports various objective functions, including regression, classification and ranking. The package is also made to be extensible, so that users are also allowed to define their own objectives easily.


  • Sparse feature format, it allows easy handling of missing values, and improve computation efficiency.
  • Advanced features, such as customized loss function, cross validation, see demo folder for walkthrough examples.


] add XGBoost


] develop "https://github.com/dmlc/XGBoost.jl.git"
] build XGBoost

By default, the package installs prebuilt binaries for XGBoost v0.82.0 on Linux, MacOS and Windows. Only the linux version is built with OpenMP.

Minimal examples

To show how XGBoost works, here is an example of dataset Mushroom

  • Prepare Data

XGBoost support Julia Array, SparseMatrixCSC, libSVM format text and XGBoost binary file as input. Here is an example of Mushroom classification. This example will use the function readlibsvm in basic_walkthrough.jl. This function load libsvm format text into Julia dense matrix.

using XGBoost

train_X, train_Y = readlibsvm("data/agaricus.txt.train", (6513, 126))
test_X, test_Y = readlibsvm("data/agaricus.txt.test", (1611, 126))
  • Fit Model
num_round = 2
bst = xgboost(train_X, num_round, label = train_Y, eta = 1, max_depth = 2)


pred = predict(bst, test_X)
print("test-error=", sum((pred .> 0.5) .!= test_Y) / float(size(pred)[1]), "\n")


nfold = 5
param = ["max_depth" => 2,
         "eta" => 1,
         "objective" => "binary:logistic"]
metrics = ["auc"]
nfold_cv(train_X, num_round, nfold, label = train_Y, param = param, metrics = metrics)

Feature Walkthrough

Check demo

Model Parameter Setting

Check XGBoost Documentation

Required Packages