## DifferentiableBackwardEuler.jl

Automatically Differentiate the backward Euler method
Author OrchardLANL
Popularity
1 Star
Updated Last
2 Years Ago
Started In
August 2020

# DifferentiableBackwardEuler.jl: Automatically differentiating the backward Euler method

## Description

DifferentiableBackwardEuler.jl is a Julia module that automatically differentiates the backward Euler method. It is used in the DPFEHM subsurface flow simulator. Here are a couple illustartive examples:

```import DifferentiableBackwardEuler
import SparseArrays
import Zygote

f(u, p, t) = f_u(u, p, t) * u
f_u(u, p, t) = SparseArrays.spdiagm(0=>p)
f_p(u, p, t) = SparseArrays.spdiagm(0=>u)
f_t(u, p, t) = zero(u)

numsteps = 10 ^ 2
n = 2
u0 = ones(n)
p = collect(1.0:n)
ts = collect(range(0, 1e0; length=numsteps))
g(p, u0) = sum(DifferentiableBackwardEuler.steps(u0, f, f_u, f_p, f_t, p, ts)[:, end])
g(p, u0)#≈sum(exp.(p * ts[end])) --  integrates the ODE using the backward Euler method using the ts to define the time steps
#we can compute the gradient of g using Zygote.gradient
dgdp_zygote = Zygote.gradient((p, u0)->g(p, u0), p, u0)

#you can also solve the ODE specifying only the initial and final times, and this falls back to DifferentialEquations.jl's ImplicitEuler() method to do adaptive time-stepping
t0 = 0.0
tfinal = 1e0
g(p, u0) = sum(DifferentiableBackwardEuler.steps(u0, f, f_u, f_p, f_t, p, t0, tfinal; reltol=1e-4)[:, end])#the kwargs get passed to DifferentialEquations.solve(...;kwargs...)
g(p, u0)#≈sum(exp.(p * tfinal)) --  integrates the ODE using the backward Euler method from t0 to tfinal
#again, we can compute the gradient of g using Zygote.gradient
dgdp_zygote = Zygote.gradient((p, u0)->g(p, u0), p, u0)```

## License

DifferentiableBackwardEuler is provided under a BSD style license. See LICENSE.md file for the full text.

This package is part of the Orchard suite, known internally as C20086 Orchard.

## Author

Daniel O'Malley, omalled@lanl.gov

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