Fast, interactive Julia/GTK+ plots (+Smith charts +Gtk widget +Cairo-only images)
Author ma-laforge
50 Stars
Updated Last
2 Years Ago
Started In
April 2016

InspectDR.jl: Fast, interactive plots

Galleries: 🎨 Output from ./sample/ / 🎨 SignalProcessing module / 🎨 Plots.jl package

Build Status

⚠️ Alternative APIs

The InspectDR programming interface is not particularly refined. Code used to generate more complex plots can therefore be a bit difficult to read/maintain.

It will most likely be easier to generate InspectDR plots by leveraging higher-level APIs (unless you have stringent requirements on time-to-first-plot or number of dependencies). Alternative APIs supporting InspectDR include:

  • Plots.jl: Succinct plotting interface ideal for interactive exploration (supports multiple backends).
  • CMDimData.jl: Facilitates parametric analysis with continous f(x) interpolation & multi-dimensional plots. Built using MDDatasets.jl module.
  • CMDimCircuits.jl: Extends CMDimData.jl with circuit-specific functionnality (ex: signal processing, network analysis, ...).

Note: In instances where higher-level APIs have limited control over the plot, it is typically possible to tweak the final apearance of the "rendered" ::InspectDR.Plot object using the InspectDR API.

Table of contents

  1. Description
    1. Features/Highlights
  2. Mouse/Keybindings
  3. Usage examples
  4. Programming interface
  5. Code documentation & architecture
  6. Configuration/Defaults
  7. Known limitations
    1. TODO


InspectDR is a fast plotting tool with a responsive GUI, targeting quick navigation of simulation results. In design applications, InspectDR allows for efficient, interactive data exploration, thus shortening each iteration of the design cycle.

Motivation: Despite their great quality, most of Julia's current plotting options were found to be either too slow, and/or provide inadequate interactivity for the author's needs.

The InspectDR library is implemented using 3 distinct plot layers:

  • Plot image layer: Implemented with the Cairo library, the plot image layer allows the user to render (multi-) plots as simple images.
  • Plot widget layer: Library users can also integrate plots to their own GTK+ application by instantiating a single InspectDR widget.
  • Plot application layer: Most end users will likely display/interact with plots/data using the built-in Julia/GTK+ multi-plot application.

Users are encouraged to open an issue if it is unclear how to utilize a particular layer. Documentation is a bit limited at the moment.


The following highlights a few interesting features of InspectDR:

  • Publication-quality output.
  • Included as a "backend" of Plots.jl.
  • Relatively short load times / time to first plot.
  • Designed with larger datasets in mind:
    • Responsive even with moderate (>200k points) datasets.
    • Confirmed to handle 2GB datsets with reasonable speed on older desktop running Windows 7 (drag+pan of data area highly discouraged).
  • Support for stacked, multi-strip plots with common x-axis values.
  • Support for Smith charts (admittance & impedance - see Plot generators).
  • Support for various types of annotation:
    • User-programmable text, polyline, vertical & horizontal bars.
    • Drag & drop Δ-markers (Measures/displays Δx, Δy & slope).
  • Interactive mouse/keybindings.
    • Fast & simple way to pan/zoom into data.
    • In line with other similar tools.
    • Create drag & drop Δ-markers.
  • Layout & stylesheets.

See following subsections for more information.


Quick to first plot, and easy to navigate data using supported mouse/keybindings

"F1" acceleration

InspectDR.jl includes specialized algorithms to accellerate plotting of large "F1" datasets (functions of 1 argument) in order to maintain a good "real-time" (interactive) user experience.

A dataset is defined as a function of 1 argument ("F1") if it satisfies:

y = f(x), where x: sorted, real vector

Examples of "F1" datasets include time domain (y(x=time)) and frequncy domain (X(w)) data.

"F1" acceleration is obtained by dropping points in order to speed up the rendering process.

IMPORTANT: "F1" acceleration tends to generate erroneous-looking plots whenever glyphs are displayed. This is because the dropped points may become very noticeable. Consequently, InspectDR will, by default, only apply "F1" acceleration on datasets drawn without glyphs (lines only).

To change when InspectDR applies "F1" acceleration to drop points, look for the :droppoints entry in the Configuration/Defaults section.

2D plot support

InspectDR.jl also supports generic 2D plotting. More specifically, the tool is capable of plotting arbitrary 2D datasets that satisfy:

(x,y) = (u[i], v[i]), for i in [1...N]

Examples of of such plots (where x-values are not guaranteed to be sorted) include:

  • Nyquist plots
  • Lissajous plots
  • Smith/polar (S-Parameter) charts

Usage examples

  • Sample code to construct InspectDR objects can be found here.
  • (DEPRECATED) Sample IJulia (Jupyter) notebooks can be found here.
  • Sample Blink.jl/Electron projects can be found here.

Known limitations


  • API is too verbose for interactive plotting applications (designed for scripting).
    • Workaround: Use Plots.jl as a "frontend" (increases plot times).
  • Only Vector data can be added (AbstractVector/Range not currently supported).
  • Sample Jupyter notebooks are not very good at the moment. Also: many examples are not yet ported to Julia 1.0.
  • SVG MIME output (using show) does not show up properly in Jupyter notebooks. There appears to be an issue in determining image extents (bounding box).
  • Font control is not ideal. The default font might not be available on all platforms - and the fallback font might not have Unicode characters to display exponent values (ex: 10⁻¹⁵). Some Greek characters might also be missing.
  • Legends not very configurable (currently optimized to display many labels @ cost of horizontal real-estate).
  • Does not yet render plot data in separate thread (will improve interactive experience with large datasets).
  • Mouse events currently function even outside data area (a bit odd).
  • Significant slowdowns observed when zooming deep into non-F1 data... Can likely be solved by discarding data outside plot extents.
    • Workaround: make sure x-values are sorted (F1-acceleration discards data & is less prone to slowdowns).
  • By default, "F1"-acceleration is only applied to datasets drawn without glyphs (lines only).


Extensive compatibility testing of InspectDR.jl has not been performed. The module has been tested using the following environment(s):

  • Windows / Linux / Julia-1.5.3 / Gtk 1.1.4 (GTK+ 3) / Cairo 1.0.4


The InspectDR.jl module is not yet mature. Expect significant changes.

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