A Julia Package for Power System State Estimation.
Author Electa-Git
22 Stars
Updated Last
1 Year Ago
Started In
January 2020


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PowerModelsDistributionStateEstimation.jl is an extension package of PowerModelsDistribution.jl for Static Power Distribution Network State Estimation. The package is a flexible design tool, enabling benchmarks between different state estimation models. Different state estimation models can be built by using different power flow formulations, state estimation criteria, (in)equality constraints, etc. The package has documentation, which we try to keep up to date.

A state estimator determines the most-likely state of power distribution networks given a set of uncertainties, e.g., measurement errors, pseudo-measurements, etc. These uncertainties may pertain to any quantity of any network component, e.g., voltage magnitude (vm) of a bus, power demand (pd) of a load, etc.

Core Problem Specification

Estimation Criteria:

  • (Weighted) Least Squares ((W)LS)
  • (Weighted) Least Absolute Values ((W)LAV)
  • Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE)

Measurement Uncertainties:

  • a deterministic value Float64, or
  • a continuous univariate distribution ContinuousUnivariateDistribution
    • normal distribution, included through (W)LS or (W)LAV
    • non-normal distributions, included through MLE

Core Network Constraint Formulations

  • Exact
    • (reduced) ACP
    • (reduced) ACR
    • (reduced) IVR
  • Relaxations
    • SDP (Currently unstable)
  • Linear Approximations
    • LinDist3Flow

Data Formats

To use the package, two type of data inputs are required:

  • Network data: support exists for OpenDSS “.dss”, matpower ".m" and some specific JSON files
  • Measurement data: CSV “.csv” files

See the relative section of the docs for more info.

Bad Data Detection and Identification

As of version 0.4.0, PMDSE supports the following bad data detection and identification functionalities:

  • Chi-square analysis
  • Largest normalized residuals
  • Analysis of residuals from robust LAV estimation


Examples on how to use PowerModelsDistributionStateEstimation can be found in Pluto Notebooks inside the /examples directory.


This code has been developed at KU Leuven (University of Leuven). The primary developers are Marta Vanin (@MartaVanin) and Tom Van Acker (@timmyfaraday) with support for the following contributors:

  • Frederik Geth (@frederikgeth), CSIRO, General PowerModelsDistribution.jl Advice.
  • Sander Claeys (@sanderclaeys), KU Leuven, General PowerModelsDistribution.jl Advice, ENWL data parser.

Citing PowerModelsDistributionStateEstimation

If you find PowerModelsDistributionStateEstimation.jl useful for your work, we kindly invite you to cite our paper:

  author={Vanin, Marta and Van Acker, Tom and D'hulst, Reinhilde and Van Hertem, Dirk},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Power Systems}, 
  title={A Framework for Constrained Static State Estimation in Unbalanced Distribution Networks}, 


This code is provided under a BSD license.


  • The intention of this package is not to provide the fastest SE algorithms, but a framework to facilitate the distribution SE design process. If faster solution times are crucial, a customized algorithm can be developed afterwards, once the optimal design is chosen.
  • Accurate load and transformer models are available on PowerModelsDistribution and can be easily included in this package for state estimation purposes, e.g., to perform a multi-level MV/LV state estimation. Extending the package to include these models in a more automatic and intuitive manner is scheduled for future releases.