(beta) Neuroimaging (EEG & fMRI) regression analysis in Julia
Author unfoldtoolbox
5 Stars
Updated Last
2 Years Ago
Started In
December 2019


Beta Toolbox to perform linear regression on biological signals.

This tool combines mass-univariate linear (mixed) models with overlap correction.

This kind of overlap correction is also known as encoding modeling, linear deconvolution, Temporal Response Functions (TRFs) and probably under other names. fMRI models with HRF-basis functions are also supported.

Relation to Unfold (matlab)

The matlab toolbox is recommended for research work. It is richer in features, better documented and tested.

The julia toolbox is a type of research-playground, but offers LinearMixedModel support.

Feature Unfold unmixed Unfold.jl
overlap correction x x x
non-linear splines x x x
plotting tools x
sanity checks x
tutorials x
speed x x
unittests x x
HRF (fMRI) basis x
mix different basisfunctions x
different timewindows per event x
mixed models x x
item & subject effects x x


using Pkg;
Pkg.add(url = "https://github.com/unfoldtoolbox/Unfold.jl")

For some of the testing functionality in the test/ path, you will also need

 Pkg.add("Makie") # use CairoMakie if in a headless environment


For a quickstart:

f = @formula 0~1+condA
epochs::Array{Float64,3} # channel x time x epochs (n-epochs == nrows(events))
times = range(0,length=size(epochs,3),step=1/sampling_rate)

basis = firbasis=(-0.3,0.5),srate=250)
  1. Timeexpansion No, Mixed No : fit(UnfoldLinearModel,formula,events,epochs,times)
  2. Timeexpansion No, Mixed Yes : fit(UnfoldLinearMixedModel,formula,events,epochs,times)
  3. Timeexpansion Yes, Mixed No : fit(UnfoldLinearModel,Dict("eventname"=>(formula,basisfunction)),events,data)
  4. Timeexpansion Yes, Mixed Yes: fit(UnfoldLinearMixedModel,Dict("eventname"=>(formula,basisfunction),"event2"=>(formula2,basis2)),events,data)


Most functions have documentation, e.g. ?Unfold.fit

Tutorials see doc/lmm_tutorial.html & doc/lm_tutorial.html - more to come. Contributions very welcome!

Contributors (alphabetically)

  • Phillip Alday
  • Benedikt Ehinger
  • Dave Kleinschmidt
  • Judith Schepers
  • Felix Schröder
  • René Skukies


This work was supported by the Center for Interdisciplinary Research, Bielefeld (ZiF) Cooperation Group "Statistical models for psychological and linguistic data".